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Alex B. -- filtering is based on the presumption that a neighborhood stays at its price point and never increases in value but can decline in value, in perpetuity (the Chicago School of Sociology's work on neighborhoods was not built on neighborhoods in the core resuscitating their value, it was built on a presumption that the better off economically would always move outward, farther and farther away from the center city generally and the core specifically).

So as people's economic circumstances improve, and they have "used up" part of the value of the house so that it depreciates in price, people of lesser economic circumstances can afford to live there.

What's happening in Silver Spring and in most DC neighborhoods is an upgrading of the extant neighborhood, although in Silver Spring this is more a function of new construction at higher price points (current market value), whereas in DC neighborhoods it's a function of either or both price escalation of extant housing or the construction of new market rate housing.

You have a type of "filtering" occurring at the multi-neighborhood scale but not within neighborhoods. People who couldn't afford to live in Capitol Hill chose to live in H St. or Lincoln Park. Then those areas increased in price and people chose to live in Trinidad or Hill East or east of 14th St. NE, in turn leading to price escalation in those neighborhoods, etc.

But that's not the kind of filtering that was conceptualized in the original work for HUD. (E.g., in 1988 houses north of H St. could be bought for less than $100K. Today they range upwards of $500K. This is $200K to $300K greater than the impact of inflation adjusted values.) It's filtration only in that there is a continuum of the better off. There is no room for the less well off in this scenario.

by Richard Layman on Jan 28, 2013 11:59 am • linkreport

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