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DMU trains are the DC region's missing transit mode

In the DC region we have Metro and commuter rail trains, with light rail, streetcars, and BRT all in the works. And of course, regular buses. But one common mode we don't have is DMU trains, which bridge the gap between light rail and commuter rail.


DMU train in San Diego. Photo by mrpeachum on flickr.

DMU stands for Diesel Multiple Unit. DMU trains are intended to operate on routes that look like commuter rail, but at almost light rail frequency. They go over long distances, with infrequent stations, usually on or adjacent to freight tracks. But instead of coming only at rush hour, trains come all day long, as often as every 15-20 minutes.

That's a great service model for suburban corridors that need something better than rush-hour MARC or VRE service, but are too far away for light rail and don't have the density to justify the costs of Metrorail.

DMUs, and their electric cousin EMUs, are used in Philadelphia, New Jersey, Portland, San Diego, Dallas, and Austin. They're proposed in even more cities.

One big advantage of DMUs over traditional commuter trains is that DMUs can operate on-street, like light rail. That makes integrating them with downtown areas much easier, because it frees DMUs to go anywhere, rather than only to a city's main rail hub.


Austin DMU on-street. Photo by paulkimo90 on flickr.

All MARC and VRE trains to DC must go to Union Station, because all the long distance tracks through DC go to Union Station. Not only does that constrain route planning, it's also a limit on capacity, because there are only so many platforms at Union Station. But a DMU could go anywhere.

There are not currently any plans for DMU lines in the DC region, but there could be. DMU would be a great solution for Maryland's proposed Charles County corridor or Fairfax's Route 28. Officials are looking at light rail for those corridors, but they're far out in the suburbs and wouldn't have very frequent stops, so DMU might be more appropriate.

In the long term it might also make sense to convert some of MARC and VRE's existing lines to DMU, or to supplement them with more DMU trains. That would give them more operational flexibility, and could increase service. But MARC and VRE are established as traditional commuter rail, and may be uncomfortable with anything else.

MARC and VRE also have to use tracks owned by freight companies. DMUs can be used in mixed company with freight, although that requires federal approval. But if the freight lines are already using their tracks to capacity, which is common in the DC area, then there's no room for more trains no matter what they look like.

DMU isn't Metro, and it isn't light rail. DMU trains can't do all the things those modes can do. It's not an appropriate mode where frequent stops are necessary. But for long corridors with infrequent stops and moderate capacity needs, it's ideal. We should keep in mind as we continue to advocate for new transit lines.

Cross-posted at BeyondDC.

Transit


Go go gadget transportation!

I just got off the NJ Transit bus #126 coming home from Drinking Liberally. Coming back after a late night at Rudy's was never so painless. I knew a bus left at 12:55 (after midnight they're every 30 minutes), so I walked out at 12:45, made it to the bus a few minutes before departure, and was already home by 1:15. Compare this to walking all the way to 7th Avenue for the 2/3, waiting 15 minutes, and having it run local - a trip that could stretch well over an hour. Plus, the bus drops me off only two short blocks from my apartment!

Earlier today I had my first experience with Zipcar, another painless and even fun way to get around. I had three Leksvik bookcases from IKEA, one of the few non-hideous pieces they sell. But I need another one, and IKEAe can only be reached by car. Last week I had signed up for a Zipcar account, so last night I reserved Jetta Josh by Hoboken City Hall. At 11 am this morning I waved my Zipcar card over thw windshield and the car magically opened. For $8.50 an hour including gas and mileage, I was able to drive to Elizabeth, purchase a new Leksvik, go grocery shopping, unload, and still have lots of time for a little exploration.

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